alexa Ramsay Hunt syndrome | Finland | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

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  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome

    Ramsay Hunt syndrome (also termed Hunt's Syndrome) is a herpes zoster virus infection of the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve. It is caused by reactivation of herpes zoster virus that has previously caused chickenpox in the patient. It occurs when a shingles infection affects the facial nerve near one of patient's ears. In addition to the painful shingles rash, it can cause facial paralysis and hearing loss in the affected ear. Ramsay Hunt syndrome is said to be the cause of 16% of all causes of facial palsies in children, and 18% of facial palsies in adults. It is the presumed cause of as many as 20% of clinically diagnosed cases of Bell palsy. It affects men and women equally.

  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome

    Symptoms include Vesicular rash of the ear or mouth, onset of facial paresis/palsy, ipsilateral lower motor neuron facial paresis/palsy, vertigo and hearing loss, tinnitus, otalgia, headaches, dysarthria, ataxia, fever and cervical adenopathy. It is treated using corticosteroids (prednisone) and oral antiviral drugs (acyclovir or valacyclovir), although the benefit of antiviral medications is uncertain. Immunization against Varicella zoster may help in preventing relapse of the disease. Delay of treatment may result in permanent facial nerve paralysis.  

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