Sciatica is when pain is felt going down the leg from the back. This pain may go down the back, outside, or front of the leg. Typically, symptoms are only on one side of the body. Certain causes, however, may result in pain on both sides. Lower back pain is sometimes but not always present. Weakness or numbness may occur in various parts of the leg and foot. Diagnosed by physical examination, and the history of the symptoms.
Medications like Anti-inflammatory, Muscle relaxants and Corticosteroids reduce pain by suppressing inflammation around the irritated nerve. Botulinum toxin injections may improve pain and or function. Surgery for unilateral sciatica involves the removal of part of the disc, known as a discectomy,back surger Laminectomy. Treatment of the underlying cause of the compression is needed in cases of epidural abscess, epidural tumors, and cauda equina syndrome.spinal manipulation is an effective treatment for acute sciatica and disc-related pain.
2% to 40% of people have sciatica. This incidence is related to age, rare before 20 years. Sciatica has been reported to occur in 1 to 10% of the population, most commonly in people age 25 to 45 years. Men are more frequently affected than women. The highest incidence is found in the fifth decade and then decreases with increasing age. Regular walking also was found to increase the incidence of sciatica.