Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spinal axis has a three-dimensional deviation. Scoliosis is a lateral curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine shows a mild roundness in the upper back and degree of swayback in the lower back.Types: Congenital scoliosis: Caused by a bone abnormality present at birth. Neuromuscular scoliosis: Abnormal muscles or nerves. Seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy or paralysis.
Scoliosis is rarely painful—small curves often go unnoticed by children and their parents, and are first detected during a school screening or at a regular check-up with the pediatrician. scoliosis can lead to diminishing lung capacity, putting pressure on the heart, and restricting physical activities, uneven musculature on one side of the spine, Uneven hips, arms or leg lengths, in thoracic scoliosis and slow nerve action.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 5,214,512 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 15,643.