There are three kinds of tonsils - the pharyngeal tonsils, or adenoids, which are behind the nose; the palatine tonsils, which are at the back of your throat and are probably what you think of when you hear the term "tonsils"; and the lingual tonsils, which are at the base of the tongue. Of these three sets of tonsils, the palatine tonsils are the most likely to become malignant (cancerous).There are two types of cancer that affect the tonsils: squamous cell carcinoma and lymphoma.
A doctor makes the diagnosis by viewing the throat. Tests are not usually performed, but if the doctor is not sure whether an abscess is present, computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography can be used to identify one. Sometimes if an abscess is suspected, the doctor inserts a needle into the area and tries to draw out pus. New techniques introduced to reduce complications, making Tonsil cancer a safer operation for more people than ever before. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor these cysts.