Vitamin Deficiency Anemia
Vitamin deficiency anemia is a lack of healthy red blood cells (RBC) caused by lower than normal amounts of certain vitamins. Vitamins linked to vitamin deficiency anemia include folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin C. Vitamin deficiency anemia can occur if you don't eat enough folate, vitamin B-12 or vitamin C. Or vitamin deficiency anemia can occur if your body has trouble absorbing or processing these vitamins.
Disease statistics: The proportion of subjects with low total vitamin B12 (<150pmol/l) was 6%. Male gender (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-2.9), age≥75 (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.4-3.4) and refraining from milk products (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2-4.4) increased the probability for vitamin B12 deficiency. Anemia (OR 1.3, 95% CI 0.7-2.3) or macrocytosis (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.6-2.7) did not predict vitamin B 12 deficiency.
Treatment for vitamin deficiency anemia includes supplements and changes in diet:
• Vitamin deficiency anemia: Treatment involves eating a healthy diet and taking folic acid supplements as prescribed by your doctor. In most cases, folic acid supplements are taken orally. Once your body's level of folate increases to normal, you may be able to stop taking the supplements. But if the cause of your folate deficiency can't be corrected, you may need to take folic acid supplements indefinitely.
Research: Anemia is the most common extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which, in most cases, results from an absolute or functional iron deficiency. Although anemia and iron deficiency may have a dramatic impact on the quality of life of IBD patients, they are underdiagnosed and undertreated. Among the 60% of women who had severe iron deficiency, the researchers noted that it took until 5 years post-treatment for serum ferritin to reach normal levels.