Definition: Benign adrenal tumors are the noncancerous masses which are observed in the adrenal glands. There are two adrenal glands, each one located on top of each kidney.
Symptoms: Fat deposits behind the neck and shoulders, Weight gain, often around the chest and stomach, Purple stretch marks on the stomach, High blood pressure, Weakness.
Treatment: Surgical removal of an adrenal gland is most commonly performed for removal of or medication is also preferred.
Disease Status:Eighty-one patients were included (out of a total of 750 with adrenal tumors, 11%). Nine patients had no surgical intervention (11%). Fifty-two LATs were malignant (64%): adrenocortical carcinoma (44%), metastasis (27%) and pheochromocytoma (21%). Patients with malignant tumors exhibited a poorer 5-year overall survival than those with benign tumors (53.4% versus 96.3%, p=0.001). Disease-related mortality was approximately 60%, 29% and 0% for those with metastasis, adrenal carcinoma and malignant pheochromocytoma, respectively. The recurrence rate was the same for the three malignant sub-groups (30%).
Surgical removal of an adrenal gland, or adrenalectomy, is most commonly performed for a tumor located within the adrenal gland that is overproducing hormones.
Some patients may not be able to have their tumors treated surgically because of the way it is growing or if it is cancerous and has spread to other parts of the body. In these cases, the patient should work with their endocrinologist to determine the best course of treatment.