Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease,and called celiac sprue, is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine that occurs in genetically predisposed people of all ages from middle infancy onward. Symptoms include pain and discomfort in the digestive tract, chronic constipation and diarrhoea, failure to thrive (in children), anaemia and fatigue, but these may be absent, and symptoms in other organ systems have been described. Vitamin deficiencies are often noted in people with coeliac disease owing to the reduced ability of the small intestine to properly absorb nutrients from food.
In addition to digestive problems, other signs and symptoms of celiac disease include: Anemia, usually resulting from iron deficiency Loss of bone density (osteoporosis) or softening of bone (osteomalacia) Itchy, blistery skin rash (dermatitis herpetiformis) Damage to dental enamel Headaches and fatigue Nervous system injury, including numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, and possible problems with balance Joint pain Reduced functioning of the spleen (hyposplenism) Acid reflux and heartburn
1. Confirmed diagnosis. 2. Treatment begins. Treatment is a prescription - lifelong elimination of "gluten". You are going to be healthier. No surgery is required. No medication is required. The only known treatment for celiac disease to date is a gluten-free diet.
There were significant intra- and inter-country differences in the prevalence and incidence of CD. Only 24 ethnic Chinese and Japanese patients have been reported in the English literature. Of CD-associated HLA DQ antigens, DQ2 occurs in 5–10% of Chinese and sub-Saharan Africans, compared to 5–20% in Western Europe.