Dressler's syndrome is a type of pericarditis — inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium). Dressler's syndrome is believed to be an immune system response after damage to heart tissue or to the pericardium, from events such as a heart attack, surgery or traumatic injury. Symptoms include chest pain, which may be similar to chest pain experienced during a heart attack. Dressler's syndrome may also be called post-pericardiotomy syndrome, post-myocardial infarction syndrome and post-cardiac injury syndrome. With recent improvements in heart attack treatment, Dressler's syndrome is less common than it used to be.
• Chest pain
• Echocrdiograam: Sound waves produce an image of your heart, helping your doctor to see if fluid is collecting around it
. • Electrocardiogram: Electrical impulses in your heart are recorded through wires attached to your skin. Certain changes in the electrical impulses can indicate pressure on your heart. But electrocardiogram readings may be abnormal after heart surgery, so your doctor likely won't rely on this one test for a diagnosis of Dressler's syndrome.
• Chest X-ray: An X-ray can help detect fluid building up around the heart or lungs and can help exclude other causes of your symptoms, such as pneumonia.
• Blood tests: The results of certain tests can indicate inflammatory activity that's consistent with Dressler's syndrome.