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Enlarged Spleen

  • Enlarged spleen

    The spleen sits under your rib cage in the upper left part of abdomen toward the back. It is an organ that is part of the lymph system and works as a drainage network that defends our body against infection. A spleen is normally about the size of a fist. But diseases can cause it to swell and become many times its normal size. Because the spleen is involved in many functions, many conditions may affect it. An enlarged spleen is not always a sign of a problem. When a spleen becomes enlarged, though, it often means it has been doing its job but has become overactive.

    An enlarged spleen can be caused by infections, cirrhosis and other liver diseases, blood diseases characterized by abnormal blood cells, problems with the lymph system, or other conditions.

  • Enlarged spleen


    Pain or fullness in the left upper abdomen that may spread to the left shoulder

    Feeling full without eating or after eating only a small amount



    Frequent infections

    Easy bleeding

  • Enlarged spleen
    Diagnostic test: Blood tests, such as a complete blood count Ultrasound or computerized tomography (CT) scan Magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) Treatment: If the cause of an enlarged spleen can be identified, treatment focuses on the underlying problem. If you have a bacterial infection, treatment will include antibiotics. If an enlarged spleen causes serious complications or the underlying problem can't be identified or treated, surgical removal of your spleen (splenectomy) may be an option.

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