Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human herpesvirus 4, is a member of the herpes virus family. It is one of the most common human viruses. EBV is found all over the world. Most people get infected with EBV at some point in their lives. EBV spreads most commonly through bodily fluids, primarily saliva. EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses. EBV is transmitted via intimate contact with body secretions, primarily oropharyngeal secretions. EBV infects the B cells in the oropharyngeal epithelium. The organism may also be shed from the uterine cervix, implicating the role of genital transmission in some cases. On rare occasion, EBV is spread via blood transfusion.Circulating B cells spread the infection throughout the entire reticular endothelial system (RES), i.e, liver, spleen, and peripheral lymph nodes.
fatigue fever inflamed throat swollen lymph nodes in the neck enlarged spleen swollen liver rash
There is no vaccine to protect against EBV infection. There is no specific treatment for EBV. However, some things can be done to help relieve symptoms, including drinking fluids to stay hydrated getting plenty of rest taking over-the-counter medications for pain and fever