Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. The esophagus is a muscular tube that moves food and liquids from the throat to the stomach. The most common types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma begins in flat cells lining the esophagus. Adenocarcinoma begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids.
Difficulty or pain when swallowing
Pain in the chest, behind the breastbone
Hoarseness Indigestion and heartburn
Part or all of the esophagus may be removed Radiation therapy: Kills cancer cells with radiation. Chemotherapy: Powerful drugs that target cancer cells throughout the body. Typically used in combination with radiation therapy and/or surgery. • Photodynamic therapy: Targets early cancer cells with a special laser light. Electrocoagulation: Uses electric current to destroy early cancer cells.