The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Not all deaths caused by ischaemic heart disease in France are classified as such; French doctors tend to certify some (such as those caused by heart failure and other late complications of myocardial infarction) as poorly specified causes.5, 28. The excess attribution of deaths to poorly specified cardiac causes in France is equivalent to 12% of the difference in mortality from heart disease between France and Britain (45/359 in men and 15/126 in women), and to all poorly specified causes is equivalent to 19% (68/359 and 23/126).