Pathophysiology: Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a childhood condition that affects the hip, where the thighbone (femur) and pelvis meet in a ball-and-socket joint. It occurs when blood supply is temporarily interrupted to the ball part (femoral head) of the hip joint. Without sufficient blood flow, the bone begins to die — so it breaks more easily and heals poorly. Signs & Symptoms: Common symptoms include hip, knee, or groin pain, exacerbated by hip/leg movement, especially internal hip rotation.
Treatment: X-Rays of the hip may suggest and/or verify the diagnosis. X-rays usually demonstrate a flattened, and later fragmented, femoral head. A bone scan or MRI may be useful in making the diagnosis in those cases where x-rays are inconclusive. Usually, plain radiographic changes are delayed 6 weeks or more from clinical onset. So bone scintography and MRI are done for early diagnosis. Treatment is done by removing mechanical pressure from the joint until the disease has run its course.
Statistics: A retrospective study of 22 Chiari osteotomies in 21 children with severe Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is presented. All cases were studied at skeletal maturity. The average age at surgery was 8.5 years with an average follow-up of 6.1 years. Four hips were classified as Catterall group III and the remaining hips as group IV. Arthrography was used preoperatively to measure the femoral head sphericity, the femoral head coverage and the eccentric index. The same parameters were studied on radiographs at skeletal maturity.