There are two types of lip cancer: squamous cell and basal cell. The most common type of lip cancer begins in the squamous cells, the thin, flat cells that line the lips and mouth. Lip cancer symptoms are very similar to those of other types of oral cancer. It can often be mistaken for a cold that won’t go away, or a persistent toothache. Other symptoms and signs include, A sore in the mouth that does not heal, Persistent mouth pain, A lump or thickening in the cheek, A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat that does not go away.
Surgery is often the first treatment option for lip cancer that has been detected at an early stage. Surgery can also be part of a treatment program for advanced-stage cancer. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted drug therapy are also potential treatment options for patients with lip cancer. A combination of these therapies can be used. With 10,882 estimated new cases in 1995 in France, lip, oral cavity and pharynx tumours rank 4th, representing 8.1% of all cancers in men. They are less frequent in women, with a sex ratio of 7. Based on the French cancer registries data which cover 13% of the metropolitan territory in 2000, both incidence and mortality increased until early 1980s to decrease thereafter.