Low sperm count means that the fluid (semen) you ejaculate during an orgasm contains fewer sperm than normal. A low sperm count is also called oligospermia (ol-ih-go-SPUR-me-uh). A complete absence of sperm is called azoospermia. Your sperm count is considered lower than normal if you have fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Having a low sperm count decreases the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner's egg, resulting in pregnancy.
Research: This was a cohort study exploring whether the consumption of fruits and vegetables with high levels of pesticide residues is linked to lower semen quality. This type of study cannot prove cause and effect, as other factors could be causing any effects seen. However, in studies of this type, researchers try to take account of other factors that can affect a health outcome.
169 patients were recruited: 84 cryopreserved their sperm before the ICSI (secured ICSI) while 85 did not (non-secured ICSI). Both groups were split in cryptozoospermia (<10(3) spermatozoa/ml): 19 and 17 patients respectively, very severe oligozoospermia (10(3)-10(5)/ml): 37 and 13 patients, and severe oligozoospermia (10(5)-10(6)/ml): 28 and 55 patients. The part of secured ICSI significantly increased from 29% during 2004-2007 to 74% during 2008-2011(p = 0.0029) and the frozen sperm was used in 5.9% of the cases.