It is a degenerative neurological disorder.Multiple system atrophy effects the nerve cells in specific areas of the brain and it causes problems with movement, balance, and autonomic functions of the body such as bladder control or blood-pressure regulation.MSA is also known as Shy-Drager syndrome. The symptoms of shy-drager are like Parkinson's disease-like symptoms.Currently there is no specific treatment available to cure multiple system atrophy.Physiotherapy can help to manage symptoms.
In a case-control study involving 50 MSA patients, 50 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and 50 healthy controls. The occupational exposure to pesticides was evaluated through a job-exposure matrix. On prevalence day (November 1, 1998), the crude prevalence of MSA in Gironde was 1.94/100,000 inhabitants. We found no significant relationship between occupational exposure to pesticides and MSA. PD patients were significantly less frequently ever-smokers than controls and the same tendency was observed for MSA patients.