Naegleria infection is a rare and usually fatal brain infection caused by an amoeba commonly found in freshwater lakes, rivers and hot springs. Exposure occurs during swimming or other water sports. travels up the nose to the brain, where it causes severe damage. Most people who have naegleria infection die within a week.
Free-living pathogenic amoebae of the species Naegleria fowleri are responsible for primary amoebic meningo-encephalitis (PAM), a rare disease with a fatality rate of 95%. In fact, of the 310 cases of the disease that have been reported worldwide In the last 50 years, only 11 victims survived. In fact, of the 310 cases of the disease that have been reported globally.
The treatment of choice is an intravenous drug called amphotericin B. Amphotericin B may also be instilled directly into the brain. Miltefosine is a drug that has shown promise, and it is available through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment should be initiated as rapidly as possible, and immediate consultation with an infectious-diseases expert is highly recommended.