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Nicotine Dependence

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  • Nicotine dependence

    Addiction is defined as repeated use of a psychoactive substance or substances, to the extent. Nicotine addiction is the fundamental reason that individuals persist in using tobacco products, and this persistent tobacco use contributes to many diseases. Smoking is primarily practiced as a route of administration for nicotine through the lungs; it is a way of getting nicotine into your system rapidly. When a person smokes, it causes a short-term increase in blood pressure, heart rate and the flow of blood from the heart. The smoke includes carbon monoxide, which reduces the amount of oxygen the blood can carry. Carbon monoxide can also damage the inner walls of the arteries, allowing fat to build up. This causes the arteries to narrow and harden and a person may be at risk for a heart attack.

  • Nicotine dependence

    The gum and lozenge come in 4 mg and 2 mg doses, while the inhaler and tablet come in the 2 mg dose only. Sets of patches come in three sizes: the 24-hour patch has dosages of 21 mg, 14 mg and 7 mg, and the 16-hour patch has dosages of 15 mg, 10 mg and 5 mg.About 28 percent of adults smoked in 2011 in Europe as more French picked up the habit, according to statistics released by the World Health Organization’s regional office in Copenhagen. Tobacco-related illnesses cause 16 percent of deaths in Europe, compared with 12 percent globally, the WHO said.There is a high rate of smoking among Argentine students, especially females.

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