Non-polio enteroviruses are small RNA viruses that belong to the family Picornaviridae that spread among people by secretions from the gastrointestinal tract or sometimes by respiratory infections the treatment for enterovirus infections is mainly supportive and designed to reduce the symptoms caused by the various enterovirus types. Supportive treatments include measures to improve breathing capacity, ranging from oxygen therapy to inhaled steroids to ventilator support. Other medications that may be prescribed include pain-control medications and medications to reduce fever.
Prevention of non-polio enterovirus infection is best accomplished by avoiding contact with infected people, using good sanitation practices, and by disinfecting potentially contaminated surfaces. There is no vaccine available to prevent infection with the non-polio enteroviruses.