Odontogenic infections are usually attributed to the endogenous flora of the mouth, and not to the introduction of non-resident bacteria. An important feature of suppurative odontogenic infections is that they are typically polymicrobial in nature, with mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria present. Ameloblastoma although rare, is the most common odontogenic tumor accounting for 1% of all tumors in head and neck region and around 11% of all odontogenic tumors in France. They are rare in children (8.7% - 15%). Maxillary ameloblastoma and extraosseous ameloblastoma occur in a slightly older age group while unicystic ameloblastoma (Avg 10.8 years) and granular cell ameloblastoma occur in a younger age group. It shows equal sex predilection with no specific racial predominance in France.
Treatment may vary for odontogenic lesions depending on the type of lesion and stage of growth. In some cases, medications may help, but odontogenic lesions usually require surgical removal. A pathologist examines the removed tissue during surgery and reports a diagnosis within a few minutes, so that the surgeon can act on this information immediately. Researches focusing on Evaluation of Amelotin Expression in Benign Odontogenic Tumors, Evaluation of Neoplastic Nature of Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor Versus Ameloblastoma, Immunohistochemical detection of laminin-1 and Ki-67 in radicular cysts and keratocystic odontogenic tumors.