Pet allergy symptoms appear during or shortly after exposure to the animal. Allergies to pets, particularly to cats and dogs, are a common cause of allergic disease, including asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever).These symptoms may linger long after the animal is gone. This is because the dander remains in the air, on furniture or on your clothing. The allergy results in: Sneezing, Itchy, watery eyes, Runny nose, Congestion. Additionally, contact with a pet may trigger skin allergy symptoms including itchy skin or raised, red patches (hives). Pets can also trigger asthma symptoms, causing wheezing, difficulty breathing or chest tightness.
The most effective way to manage pet and other allergic rhinitis symptoms is to avoid the allergen(s) causing the symptoms. Antihistamines like Allegra, Claritin, Benadryl, or Zyrtec and other over-the-counter allergy medications may help relieve symptoms, but they are not ideal as a long-term treatment. Decongestants, which reduce swelling in the nose and relieve congestion; examples are over-the-counter Sudafed and Allegra-D. Other drugs, which affect allergy or asthma symptoms in different ways; prescription steroids -- such as Flonase or Nasonex sprays -- are a common treatment for allergies. Both Flonase and Nasonex are available over the counter and by prescription. Allergy shots have a proven track record as an effective form of long-term treatment (immunotherapy).
Researches such as ‘Asthma and allergy: Short texts and recommendations of the expert conference of the French Speaking Pneumology Society (SPLF), in partnership with the French Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (SFAIC), the French Society of Occupational Medicine (SFMT) and the “Asthma–Allergy” association’. The variety of experts is wide, representing pneumology (French Speaking Pneumology Society), the occupational medicine world (FrenchSociety of Occupational Medicine), the allergic pathology (French Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology), and patients with the patient association “Asthma & Allergy”, physicians belonging to the general medicine community, general hospitals, private hospitals and academic hospitals in France. Government along with many communities are taking active participation in such kind of researches.
The prevalence of asthma and of allergies including pet allergy has increased in the last 20 years. Their progress varies according to country and age group: the increased prevalence of allergy, more specifically of rhinitis and eczema, is most marked in children aged 6–7 year. The prevalence of asthma seems to have reached a plateau in certain northern countries or seems to have decreased in 13–14 years old (Anglo-Saxon countries) and nearly 50 to 60% cases of asthma.