Pulmonary fibrosis is a condition that causes lung scarring and stiffness. It develops when the alveoli, tiny air sacs that transfer oxygen to the blood, become damaged and inflamed. Body tries to heal the damage with scars, but these scars collapse the alveoli and make the lungs less elastic. Changes in the lungs can also increase the blood pressure in the pulmonary artery. This condition, called pulmonary hypertension, makes the heart work harder and it may fail.
Disease Statistics of Pulmonary fibrosis around France got the result as included were 36 patients from 11 centers. Indications for LTx were cystic fibrosis (CF) in 20 (56%), pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in 11 (30%), and other diagnoses in 5 (14%). ECMO was venovenous for 27 patients (75%) and venoarterial for 9 (25%). Mean follow-up was 17 months.