Disease pathophysiology: Syphilis is a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum. The primary route of transmission is through sexual contact; it may also be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy or at birth, resulting in congenital syphilis. Disease Statistics: Between January 2001 and July 2003, cases of syphilis were collated by the Department of Dermatology and Infectious Diseases of Nice University Teaching Hospital and by the Department of Dermatology and Infectious Diseases of Fréjus hospital and based on spontaneous reports submitted by general practitioners in private practice.
Stastastics: About 36051 cases has been reported in the year 2012 to 2015 in France.
Treatment: The first choice for the treatment for syphilis is intramuscular benzathine penicillin G Doxycycline and tetracycline in alternative choice to those who are allergic to pencillins Resistance to macrolides, rifampin, and clindamycin is often present. Ceftriaxone, a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, may be as effective as penicillin-based treatment. It is recommended that a treated person avoid sex until the sores are healed. Major Research: major research on syphilis in France in carried out by New Insights for Health Care.