An abscess is an enclosed collection of liquefied tissue, known as pus, somewhere in the body. It is the result of the body's defensivereaction to foreign material.There are two types of abscesses, septic and sterile. Most abscesses are septic, which means that they are the result of an infection.Septic abscesses can occur anywhere in the body. Only a germ and the body's immune response are required. In response to theinvading germ, white blood cells gather at the infected site and begin producing chemicals called enzymes that attack the germ bydigesting it. These enzymes act like acid, killing the germs and breaking them down into small pieces that can be picked up by thecirculation and eliminated from the body.
The estimated 5-year prevalence of people in France living with Tooth abscess is 8.1 per 100,000. Total prevalence rate for both sexes in Finland is 8.9 per 100,000. Prevalence rate for men and women 8.1 and 7.0 per 100,000 respectively in France. Diagnosis of a tooth abscess is collectively determined by (1) signs and symptoms reported by the patient, (2) exam and tests that are performed by the dentist, and (3) what is visualized with dental radiographs (X-rays). Future research deals with determination of various host and environmental factors that put an individual at risk for development of dental abscess. Increased reliance on novel molecular techniques has enriched our knowledge of the diverse polymicrobial collection that constitutes a dental abscess.