Toxoplasmosis refers to disease caused by infection with a single-celled microscopic parasitic organism called Toxoplasma gondii. Infection is widespread throughout the world but T gondii is a very well adapted parasite, meaning it rarely causes significant disease in an infected host.The most common illness caused by toxo is an infection of the brain (encephalitis). Toxo can also infect other parts of the body. Toxo can lead to coma and death. The risk of toxo is highest when your CD4 cell (T-cell) counts are below 100.
If you have a positive blood test result, you may be prescribed an antibiotic called spiramycin, which reduces the risk of the infection being passed from you to the baby. Spiramycin only reduces the risk of transmission from mother to baby and is not active against the parasite.In the France, about 13,328,869cases of Toxoplasmosis infection are reported in humans each year. Almost 16% of the France population is infected with Toxoplasmosis, a parasite of dogs and cats that can be passed from animals to humans.