Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to properly use or produce enough insulin. It’s a chronic disease with no known cure. Being overweight is closely tied to the development of type 2 diabetes. Overweight children have an increased likelihood of insulin problems. As the body struggles to regulate insulin, high blood sugar leads to a number of potentially serious health problems.
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes was 5.08% in men and 4.11% in women, and rose progressively after the age of 50. Of these, 79patients (13.4%) received no pharmacological treatment, 477 (80.9%) were taking an oral anti diabetic drug and 134 (22.7%) were taking insulin. The most frequently reported treatments were metformin and sulphonyl ureas, used by more than 50% of the patients. In addition, 380 patients (65.9%) claimed to be following a diet and 228 (39.2%) were consulting a dietitian.
In general, kids with type 2 diabetes need to: eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a meal plan, get regular exercise, take medications as prescribed, monitor blood sugar levels regularly. kids with type 2 diabetes switch to healthier habits is a key part of treatment. More than 80 percent of all children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and about 40 percent are clinically obese.