Pathophysiology: Meningitis is an inflammation of the tissue lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. The pathogenesis of each family of viruses that causes viral meningitis varies. It is uncommon complication of common systemic infections. In children some studies shows learning disabilities, neuromuscular impairments (ie, mild paresis or loss of coordination), and deafness to viral meningitis. Communicating hydrocephalus is a rare complication of viral meningitis.
Disease Statistics: Toscana virus, an arbovirus with a sandfly vector, has become a common cause of viral meningitis in France which is a more common cause than enteroviruses. It involves the central nervous system and severity may several range.
Treatment: For most of the cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Mostly people completely recover on their own within 7 to 10 days. However disease from certain viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza requires treatment with an antiviral medication. Antibiotics are useful only in cases of bacterial meningitis.
Research: Some of the major centers responsible for the studies on viral meningitis are Laboratoire Associé au Centre National de Référence des Arbovirus, Marseille, France; Centre Hospitalier Edmond Garcin, Aubagne, France; and Faculté de Pharmacie, Reims, France.