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Marker assisted selection (MAS) is a process whereby a marker. A marker is used for indirect selection of a genetic determinant or determinants of a trait of interest for e.g. productivity, disease resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, and quality. This process is used in plant and animal breeding. These markers are of basically four type which include morphological, biochemical, cytological, DNA based or molecular based markers.Plant breeders now use marker-assisted selection (MAS).The markers are a string or sequence of nucleic acid which makes up a segment of DNA. The markers are located near the DNA sequence of the desired gene and are transmitted by the standard laws of inheritance from one generation to the next.
Related Journals of Marker Assisted Breeding
Gene Technology, Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis, Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis, Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics, Japanese Society of Breeding, Japanese Society of Breeding, Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Advancement of Breeding Researches, Sabrao Journal of Breeding and Genetics, Molecular Breeding.
Gene technology is defined as the term which include a range of activities concerned with understanding of gene expression, advantages of natural genetic variation, modifying genes and transferring genes to new hosts. Genes are found in all living organisms and are transferred from one generation to the next.Gene technology encompasses several techniques including marker-assisted breeding, RNAi and genetic modification. Only some gene technologies produce genetically modified organisms. We use the most appropriate technique, or combination of techniques, to achieve the desired goal.
Related Journal of Gene Technology
Gene Technology, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Human Genetics & Embryology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Biochemica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression, Gene Therapy Press, Conservation Genetics, Clinical Epigenetics, Genes, Current Genetics, Gene Expression.
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) molecules are DNA molecules formed by using laboratory methods of genetic engineering to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences which arenot found in biological organisms. Recombinant DNA is possible because DNA molecules from all organisms share the same chemical structure. They differ only in the nucleotide sequence within that identical overall structure. Recombinant DNA (rDNA) molecules are play a important role in techniques like Gene Cloning, PCR, DNA Micro Array etc.
Related Journals of Recombinant Gene
Gene Technology, Human Genetics & Embryology, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Hereditary Genetics: Current Research, Recent Patents on DNA and Gene Sequences, Mitochondrial DNA, DNA Sequence - Journal of DNA Sequencing and Mapping, Mutation Research - DNA Repair.
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is also known as high-throughput sequencing it is term used to describe a number of different modern sequencing technologies including Illumina (Solexa) sequencing, Whole genome sequencing, Targeted sequencing, Amplicon sequencing, exome sequencing, De novo sequencing , Transcriptomics etc.These recent technologies allow us to sequence DNA and RNA much more quickly and cheaply than the previously used Sanger sequencing, and as such have revolutionised the study of genomics and molecular biology.
Related Journals of Next Generation Sequencing
Gene Technology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Human Genetics & Embryology, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics, DNA Sequence - Journal of DNA Sequencing and Mapping, Methods in Next Generation Sequencing, Next-generation sequencing.
Genetic variation refers to diversity in gene frequencies. Genetic variation can be referred as differences between individuals or to differences between populations. Mutation is the ultimate source of genetic variation, but mechanisms such as sexual reproduction and genetic drift contribute to it as well. Genetic variation is based on the variation in alleles of genes in a gene pool. It occurs both within and among populations, supported by individual carriers of the variant genes. Genetic variation is brought about by random mutation, which is a permanent change in the chemical structure of a gene
Related Journals of Gene Variation
Gene Technology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics, Advancements in Genetic Engineering, Genetical Research, Genes and Cancer, Genetic Vaccines and Therapy, Genes and Genetic Systems, Gene Therapy, Gene Therapy and Regulation.
Transporter gene is gene that allows entry of drugs to enter cells and in some cases, it also acts to keep them out. Transporter genes may account for discrepancies in the way drugs such as antidepressants, anticonvulsants and chemotherapy agents work in different people these are also known as a drug-transporter gene. Example for transporter gene is the serotonin transporter gene which has received the most attention in relation to depression, either alone or in conjunction with exposure to stressful life events (i.e. a gene x environment interaction), whereas neuroimaging studies have suggested an association with amygdala activation. There is also some evidence that this gene may predict antidepressant response.
Related Journal of Transporter Gene
Gene Technology, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Human Genetics & Embryology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Advances in Genetics, Investigative Genetics, Molecular Genetics and Genomics, Molecular Genetics, Microbiology and Virology, Nature Genetics.
Epigenetics is the study of cellular and physiological variations which are not caused by changes in the DNA sequence. Epigenetics is essentially the study of external or environmental factors that turn genes on and off and affect how cells read genes. Hence epigenetic research seeks to describe dynamic alterations in the transcriptional potential of a cell. At least three systems including DNA methylation, histone modification and non-coding RNA (ncRNA)-associated gene silencing are currently considered to initiate and sustain epigenetic change.
Related journals of Epigenetic Modification
Gene Technology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics, Advancements in Genetic Engineering, Clinical Epigenetics, Epigenetics, Epigenetics and Chromatin, Genetics and Epigenetics, Epigenetics and Human Health.
Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product. These products are usually proteins which functions as enzymes, hormones and receptors. Genes which do not code for proteins such as ribosomal RNA or transfer RNA code for functional RNA products. Gene expression is the process by which the genetic code the nucleotide sequence of a gene is used to direct protein synthesis and produce the structures of the cell. Genes that code for amino acid sequences are called as structural genes.
Related Journals of Gene Expression
Gene Technology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Journal of Data Mining in Genomics & Proteomics, Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics, Transcriptomics: Open Access, Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression, Gene Expression, Gene Expression Patterns, Brain research, Gene expression patterns, Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression.
Gene profiling is the measurement of the activity of thousands of genes at time or to create a complete picture of cellular function.Gene expression profiling is the determination of the pattern of genes expressed, at the level of transcription, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell to give a global picture of cellular function. In almost all cells in an organism contain the entire genome of the organism only a small subset of those genes is expressed as messenger RNA (mRNA) at any given time and their relative expression can be evaluated. Techniques which are involved in profiling include DNA microarray technology or sequenced-based techniques such as serial analysis of gene expression.
Related Journals of Gene Profiling
Gene Technology, Human Genetics & Embryology, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Hereditary Genetics: Current Research, Genes Chromosomes and Cancer, Genes to Cells, Genesis, Genes and Immunity, Genetic Epidemiology, PLoS Genetics.
Cloning is defined as the processes used to create copies of DNA fragments, cells or organisms. Cloning is commonly used to amplify DNA fragments containing whole genes, but it can also be used to amplify any DNA sequence such as promoters, non-coding sequences and randomly fragmented DNA. It is widely used technique of biological experiments and practical applications including genetic fingerprinting to large scale protein production
Related Journals of Cloning
Gene Technology, Cloning & Transgenesis, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Journal of Data Mining in Genomics & Proteomics, Transcriptomics: Open Access, Stem Cells and Cloning Advances and Applications, Clinical Genetics, Clinical Genetics, Forensic Science International: Genetics, Advances in Genetics.
Gene mutation is any change in the genetic information of any organism. These changes occur at many different levels, and they can have widely differing consequences. Mutations may be caused due to effects of physical agents and chemical agents. Mainly there are different types of mutations which include deletions, insertions, point mutations, substitutions, missense mutations, nonsense mutations etc. Most disease causing gene mutations are uncommon in the general population. However other genetic changes occur more frequently.
Related Journal of Gene Mutations
Gene Technology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Journal of Data Mining in Genomics & Proteomics, Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics, Transcriptomics: Open Access, Genetics, American Journal of Human Genetics, Gene Therapy, Genes Chromosomes and Cancer, Genes to Cells, Genes and Immunity, Molecular Genetics and Metabolism.
Resistance genes are the genes in plant genomes that convey plant disease resistance against pathogens by producing resistance proteins. The main class of R-genes consist of a nucleotide binding domain and a leucine rich repeat domains . Resistance is either innate or acquired which are referring to whether the resistance is newly developed or has always been present in an organism. With the onset of recent genomic, bioinformatics and molecular biology techniques, it is quite possible to tame the R-genes for efficiently controlling the plant diseases caused by pathogens.
Related Journal of Resistant Gene
Gene Technology, Advancements in Genetic Engineering, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics, Current Opinion in Genetics and Development, Gene, Trends in Genetics, Pharmacogenetics and Genomics, Genes to Cells, Genes and Immunity
Gene chip technology is also commonly known as DNA chip or biochip and it is a collection of microscopic DNA spots attached to a solid surface. This technique is used to measure the expression levels of large numbers of genes simultaneously or to genotype multiple regions of a genome. Each DNA spot contains a specific DNA sequence, known as probes . The basic principle behind microarrays is hybridization between two DNA strands.
Related Journal of Gene Chip Technology
Gene Technology, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Human Genetics & Embryology, Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications, Nature Genetics, Genes and Development, Genes Chromosomes and Cancer, Genetic Epidemiology, PLoS Genetics, Human Genetics, Genes and Immunity.
*2016 Journal Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2014 and 2015 with the number of times they are cited in 2016 based on Google Scholar Citation Index database. If 'X' is the total number of articles published in 2014 and 2015, and 'Y' is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2016 then, journal impact factor = Y/X