alexa Arteriovenous fistula | Germany| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Arteriovenous Fistula

  • Arteriovenous fistula

     Arteriovenous fistula An arteriovenous fistula (AV fistula) is the connection of a vein and an artery, usually in the forearm, to allow access to the vascular system for hemodialysis, a procedure that performs the functions of the kidneys in people whose kidneys have failed. Connecting the vein and artery is a surgical procedure. The fistula develops over a period of months after the surgery.symptoms: Blueness of the skin, Clubbing of fingers, Coughing up blood, bulging veins, Swelling legs, Decreased blood pressure, Fatigue, Heart failure

  • Arteriovenous fistula

    Statistics: The estimated detection rate of Arteriovenous fistula in the Germany general population is 1.2/100,000 per year. This is approximately one fifth to one seventh the incidence of intracranial aneurysms. An estimated 250,000 people have Arteriovenous fistula, of whom 12% (approximately 20,000) will exhibit symptoms of greatly varying severity

  • Arteriovenous fistula

     Diagnosis: Surgery to create an arteriovenous fistula is usually conducted using a local anesthetic, injected at the site of the proposed fistula. The procedure is performed in a hospital or one-day surgery center and can usually be performed on an outpatient basis if the patient is not already hospitalized. After cleaning and sterilizing the site, the surgeon will make a small incision in the forearm sufficient to allow the permanent joining together of a vein and an artery in the arm. The blood vessels will be appropriately blocked to stop blood flow for the procedure and incisions will be made to join them. 

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