BPPV is a mechanical problem in the inner ear. It occurs when some of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are normally embedded in gel in the utricle become dislodged and migrate into one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semicircular canals, where they are not supposed to be.
The signs and symptoms: Dizziness, A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo), A loss of balance or unsteadiness, Nausea, Vomiting. May treat you with a series of movements known as the canalith repositioning procedure, Surgical treatment.
There is a dearth of epidemiologic studies on BPPV. The prevalence of BPPV has been reported as 10. 7-64 per 100,000 population. According to a recent study in Germany in which utilized telephone-based interviewing, the lifetime prevalence of BPPV is 2.4%, with a 1-year-incidence of 0.6%. BPPV mostly develops in the posterior and horizontal semicircular canals. PC-BPPV has been said to account for 60-90% of all BPPV cases, and HC-BPPV for 5-30% of the cases.
Treatment options include watchful waiting, vestibulosuppressant medication, vestibular rehabilitation, canalith repositioning, and surgery.