Bradycardia, also known as bradyarrhythmia, is a slow heart rate, namely, a resting heart rate of under 60 beats per minute (BPM) in adults.It is a type of cardiac arrhythmia. It seldom results in symptoms until the rate drops below 50 BPM.
Bradycardia can cause dizziness, weakness, lack of energy or fainting spells.If bradycardia is caused by a medical illness, there will be additional symptoms that are specific to that illness. For example, people whose bradycardia is due to severe hypothyroidism also can have constipation, muscle cramps, weight gain (often despite poor appetite), very dry skin, hair that is thin and dry, an abnormal sensitivity to cold temperatures and other symptoms related to low levels of thyroid hormones.
Patients are test driving a pacemaker outside the skin before deciding whether to have a permanent implant, reveals novel research presented today at EHRA EUROPACE - CARDIOSTIM 2015."Patients have numerous concerns, such as body image issues. There will be an incision in the upper chest, perhaps some discolouration of the skin and a lump which may be visible depending on what you wear. In women there are intimacy issues with upper chest device implants and usually consider a submammary location
258 patients with pacemakers (PM) were examined retrospectively; 126 (48.8%) had second- or third-degree av-block (AVB), 43 (16.7%) atrial fibrillation with bradycardia (AFB), 63 (24.4%) sick sinus syndrome (SSS) and 26 (10.1%) other indications (OI). Control persons (CP) of same age and sex with regular sinus rhythm were recruited from in-patients of our hospital. Diabetes was found in 127 (49.2%) of PM (of adult onset only) and in 99 (38.4%) of CP (3 of juvenile onset; p < 0.025), in 68 (53.9%) of the patients with AVP (p < 0.05), 24 (55.8%) with AFB, 21 (33.3%) with SSS (n.s.) and 14 (53.8%) with OI (n.s.). Obesity was positively correlated concerning the entire PM group, blood pressure and smoking habits showed no correlation, cholesterol and triglycerides were inversely correlated (p < 0.05 up to p < 0.001). Myocardial infarction showed no difference between PM and CP, digitalis and diuretics were taken significantly more often (p < 0.001) by PM. We conclude that diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for av-block of higher degree and atrial fibrillation with bradycardia, which is not influenced by other, diabetes-related risk factors of atherosclerosis.