Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into thevagina. Cervical cancer can often be successfully treated when it's found early. It is usually found at a very early stage through a Pap test. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide.
Mortality rates fell steadily throughout the 1970s and 1980s (dropping by 22% between 1971-1973 and 1987-1989), and then, like incidence rates, more rapidly after improvements to the national screening programme in the late 1980s (decreasing by 43% between 1987-1989 and 1997-1999). It is estimated that cervical screening prevents around 5,000 deaths each year in the UK. Over the last decade (between 2001-2003 and 2010-2012), European AS mortality rates have decreased by 21%. Over the last decade (between 2001-2003 and 2010-2012), European AS mortality rates have decreased by 21%. Cervical Cancer (C54), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, Females, UK, 1971-2012