Ear infections are one of the most common reasons parents take their children to the doctor. The most common type of ear infection is called otitis media. It is caused by swelling and infection of the middle ear. The middle ear is located just behind the eardrum.
Symptoms: Ear pain (mild to severe). Babies often pull or tug at their ears when they have an earache. Fever. Drainage from the ear that is thick and yellow or bloody. This means the eardrum has probably burst (ruptured). Loss of appetite, vomiting, and grumpy behavior. Trouble sleeping.
Diagnosis: It can be diagnosed by some of the tests such as Tympanometry, Acoustic reflectometry, Tympanocentesis, and other tests.
Treatment usually involves eliminating the causes of the ear infection and killing any invading bacteria in the Eustachian tube. acetaminophen or ibuprofen, which also helps reduce a fever. Aspirin should be avoided in children because of the threat of Reye's syndrome. Pain can also be reduced by using gentle heat from a heating pad.