Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%.
Symptoms: Nausea and vomiting, Diarrhea (may be bloody), Red eyes, Raised rash, Chest pain and cough, Stomach pain, Severe weight loss, Bleeding, usually from the eyes.
Diagnosis: It can be diagnosed through the Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR). No antiviral medications have proved effective in treating infection with either virus. Providing fluids. Maintaining blood pressure. Providing oxygen as needed. Replacing lost blood. Treating other infections that develop.
Epidemology: Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks have occurred during the past 5 decades, but none has affected European countries like the 2014 epidemic in West Africa. any indicated that if a patient were flown to Germany for treatment in a nearby hospital, they would adapt preventive behavior. Although most participants were not worried about EVD at the current stage of the epidemic, misperceptions regarding transmission were common and could trigger inappropriate behavior changes.