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A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.It is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body which cause severe pain.
Symptoms: Swelling or puffiness of the tissue directly under your skin. Stretched or shiny skin. Skin that retains a dimple after being pressed for several seconds. Increased abdominal size.
Diagnosis: X-rays, ultrasound exams, blood tests or urine analysis may be necessary . More severe edema may be treated with drugs that help your body expel excess fluid in the form of urine (diuretics). One of the most common diuretics is furosemide (Lasix).
Epidemology: Macular edema (ME) occurs due to the thickening and swelling (edema) of the macula, which is the area of the retina that is responsible for central vision. The occurrence of ME is highly frequent in diabetics and usually manifests itself as diabetic macular edema (DME). DME is often a complication of diabetic retinopathy, and is the most common cause of vision loss in individuals with diabetes, especially if left untreated.