Endometrial carcinomas, which start in the cells of the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium). Nearly all cancers of the uterus are this type. These cancers are the focus of the remainder of this information. Endometrial carcinomas can be divided into different types based on how the cells look under the histologic types. These include: Adenocarcinoma Carcinosarcoma Squamous cell carcinoma Undifferentiated carcinoma Small cell carcinoma Transitional carcinoma The most common type of adenocarcinoma is known as endometrioid cancer. Endometrioid cancers are made up of cells in glands that look much like the normal uterine lining (endometrium).
Treatment Treatment of stage II endometrial cancer may include the following: Surgery (radical hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy) Surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy in stage II endometrial cancer that is likely to recur (come back). Statistics Endometrial cancer often produces symptoms at relatively early stages, so the disease is generally diagnosed early. The overall 5-year survival rate is relatively high, and higher in high-income countries. For example in the US, the 5-year relative survival rate (which compares the 5-year survival of people with the cancer to the survival of others the same age who don't have cancer) for all endometrial cancer cases is about 69%1.
Most cases of endometrial cancer are diagnosed at an early stage, which has a 5-year survival rate of over 91%. Endometrial cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide (fourteenth most common cancer overall), with 320,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012. Major research Survival of endometrial cancer patients in Germany in the early 21st century: a period analysis by age, histology, and stage. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Endometrial Cancer, Progress and Controversies