Enlarged Liver is due to Cirrhosis, hepatitis A, B and C, Nonalcoholic/ Alcoholic fatty liver disease, Amyloidosis, Wilson's disease, hemochromatosis, Gaucher's disease, liver cysts, noncancerous liver tumors, including hemangioma and adenoma, Obstruction of the gallbladder or bile ducts, Toxic hepatitis. Treatment In patients with cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease, medications may be required to control the amount of protein absorbed in the diet.
The liver affected by cirrhosis may not be able to metabolize the waste products, resulting in elevated blood ammonia levels and hepatic encephalopathy (lethargy, confusion, and coma). Low sodium diet and water pills (diuretics) may be required to minimize water retention. In those patients with large amounts of ascites fluid (fluid accumulated in the abdominal cavity), the excess fluid may have to be occasionally removed with a needle and syringe (paracentesis). Using local anesthetic, a needle is inserted through the abdominal wall and the fluid is withdrawn. The ascites fluid can spontaneously become infected and paracentesis also may be used as a diagnostic test looking for infection. Operations may be required to treat portal hypertension and minimize the risk of bleeding. Liver transplantation is the final option for patients whose livers have failed.
Statistics In a study called CONCORD-2, around 500 international scientists report on 5-year survival rates for about 25.7 million adult cancer patients suffering from one of the ten most common types of cancer (stomach, colon, rectum, liver, lung, breast, cervix, ovaries, prostate, leukemia) as well as for approximately 75,000 children who were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) between 1995 and 2009. In the study, the scientists drew on data from 279 cancer registries in 67 countries. Major research The Epidemiology of Alcoholic Liver Disease. Largest worldwide study on cancer survival rates reveals dramatic differences ? Germany among the leading countries worldwide.