Previous research has shown that the repair of a recurrent inguinal hernia is subject to a greater risk of additional recurrence. Further, bilateral inguinal hernia is subject to a greater recurrence risk than unilateral inguinal hernia. These increased risks may be due to certain anatomical difficulties that complicate the surgical approach in these types of patients. Some clinicians have suggested that laparoscopic approaches are better suited to recurrent and bilateral hernias, and in we delineate separate comparisons for primary, bilateral, and recurrent hernia.
In 2010, 158 000 cholecystectomies and 207 000 herniotomies (without bowel surgery) were performed in Germany as inpatient procedures, generally on a routine, elective basis. Deaths following such operations are rare events. We studied the potential association of death after cholecystectomy or herniotomy with risk factors that could have been detected beforehand, and we examined the types of complications that were documented in these cases.In Germany, in the years 2009-2013, there were 2957 deaths after a total of 731 000 cholecystectomies (in-hospital mortality, 0.4%) and 1316 deaths after a total of 1 023 000 herniotomies without bowel surgery (0.13%).