Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by a spirochete (spiral shaped bacterium) known as Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb). Lyme disease is most often spread by ticks, but can also be transmitted by fleas, mosquito's, and mites. Evidence has suggested that these insects don't actually need to bite you for you to become infected. Worryingly, there is also evidence that Lyme disease can be spread by a number of other non-insect methods including from person to person through sex, or from mother to baby in the womb
conducted a study of the distribution and prevalence of tickborne infections in Denmark by using roe deer as sentinels. Blood samples from 237 roe deer were collected during the 2002-2003 hunting season. Overall, 36.6% of deer were Borrelia seropositive, while 95.6% were Anaplasma phagocytophilum positive; all animals were negative for Bartonella quintana and B. henselae by indirect immunofluorescence assay. When a hemagglutination-inhibition test was used, 8.7% of deer were found positive for tickborne encephalitis (TBE)-complex virus. A total of 42.6% were found positive by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for A. phagocytophilum with significant seasonal variation. All were PCR negative for Rickettsia helvetica. PCR and sequencing also showed a novel bacterium in roe deer previously only found in ticks. The study showed that the emerging pathogen A. phagocytophilum is widely distributed and that a marked shift has occurred in the distribution of TBE-complex virus in Denmark
antibiotics such as doxycycline*, amoxicillin, cefuroxime, and ceftriaxone can be used to treat Lyme disease if an infection develops. For people who require treatment for a mild infection associated with Lyme disease, the doctor usually prescribes an oral antibiotic for 2 to 4 weeks to cure the infection. For people who require treatment for more severe infections doctor usually prescribes an intravenous (given through the vein) antibiotic.
Flow Cytometry - This is the test that Central Florida Research Inc is now using to test for Borrelia burgdorferi infection and Lyme disease. It is considered by many to be the "gold standard" of diagnostic testing at present. The test is essentially a refinement of the Q-RiBb and is such is much more accurate than the Western Blot, and of course the other screening methods. The test result will be reported as a percent of the counted events." Essentially this statement is explaining that the Flow Cytometry test is quantitative and is able to detect the severity of infection rather than simply giving a positive or negative result for the presence of Bb. For more information visit the Central Florida Research Inc website.