Non-polio enteroviruses infections are respiratory infections similar to cold spreads from person to person. Treatment of this infection is supportive, and no vaccine is available. From 2006 to 2009, 322 neonates were included within the voluntary, passive enterovirus surveillance system. In 81 patients (25%) an enterovirus was detected via RT-PCR. The yearly frequency of infections was between 8 and 21. In 58 of 322 specimens (18%) serotyping was possible.
The treatment for enterovirus infections is mainly supportive and designed to reduce the symptoms caused by the various enterovirus types. The vast majority of cases of non-polio enterovirus infection do not cause symptoms or cause mild illness with an excellent prognosis. Non-polio enterovirus infection is very common, and it is likely that pregnant women may be exposed to someone with the illness.