Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems.A study conducted in July 2015 shows that 32.8 percent of Mexicans are overweight -a full percentage point over the number of Americans. For Europe the highest obesity rate was slightly above that, with Hungary weighing in with 28.5 percent in the east and Britain becoming the fattest nation in the western part of the continent, a recent study carried out across 27 nations by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) revealed. With a suitable diet, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption.
If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to feeling full earlier and a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.Excess weight, especially obesity, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, some musculoskeletal conditions and some cancers. As the level of excess weight increases, so does the risk of developing these conditions. In addition, being overweight can hamper the ability to control or manage chronic disorders.