Pulmonary means lungs and edema means swelling. It is a condition which is caused by excess fluid accumulation. This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, which makes difficult to breathe. In most of the cases, heart problems are caused due to pulmonary edema. It develops suddenly, which is called as acute pulmonary edema, which 0020 is a medical emergency requiring immediate care.
Symptoms of pulmonary edema may include: Coughing up blood or bloody froth, Difficulty breathing when lying down (orthopnea), Feeling of "air hunger" or "drowning" Grunting, gurgling, or wheezing sounds with breathing, Problems speaking in full sentences because of shortness of breath . Medicines that may be used for Pulmonary edema are Diuretics that remove excess fluid from the body, Medicines that strengthen the heart muscle, control the heartbeat, or relieve pressure on the heart.
There is a definite pathophysiologic sequence leading to NPE: a central nervous system lesion causes a sudden increase in ICP which triggers an upregulation of sympathetic signal transduction to assure brain perfusion. Increased tonus of venous and arterial vessels and of myocardial function are the immediate consequences. However, if systemic vascular resistance (SVR) increases excessively, left ventricular failure and finally pulmonary edema (NPE) may result.