RSV in severe cases may be necessary to provide intravenous (IV) fluids and humidified oxygen. Mechanical ventilation is a breathing machine to ease breathing. A nebulized bronchodilator such as albuterol (ProAir HFA, Proventil-HFA, Ventolin HFA) may be used to relieve wheezing. This medication opens air passages in the lungs. Nebulized means it's administered as a fine mist that you breathe in. Occasionally, a nebulized form of ribavirin (Virazole), an antiviral agent, may be used.
The percentage of admissions attributable to RSV infections in infants aged <1 year was estimated to be 8.2%. Admission rates attributable to RSV infection were 5.0 per 1000 admissions per year (calculated from the mean number of respiratory admissions per day in <1-year-old age group, multiplied by 8.2, divided by the population aged <1 year, multiplied by 365.25). With the extra assumption that a period of 2 weeks between infection and admission was required.