Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve sideways. Nonstructural scoliosis: Also known as functional scoliosis, this involves a spine that is structurally normal yet appears curved. This is a Temporary bend that changes, and is brought about by a hidden condition, for example, distinction in leg length, muscle fits or provocative and inflammatory conditions such as appendicitis.Structural scoliosis: is a fixed curve treated individually according to its cause.
Scoliosis most typically occurs in individuals 10 to 18 years, old detected by Curvature of the spine, uneven shoulders, or protrusion of one shoulder blade, Asymmetry of the waistline and one hip higher than the other. The diagnosis of scoliosis and the determination of the type of scoliosis made by a careful bone exam and an X-ray to evaluate the magnitude of the curve. When scoliosis is suspected, weight-bearing full-spine AP/coronal and lateral/sagittal X-rays are taken to assess the scoliosis curves. Full-length standing spine X-rays are the standard method for evaluating the severity and progression of the scoliosis and whether it is congenital or idiopathic in nature.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 82,424,609 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 247,273.