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Sinusitus Definition: Sinusitis is an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining the sinuses. Normally, sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, germs (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) can grow and cause an infection.
Symptoms At the same time that you’re dealing with the drainage, your inflamed sinuses may also be restricting how well you can breathe through your nose. The infection causes swelling in your sinuses and in your nasal passages. Because of the nasal congestion, you’ll probably experience a reduced sense of smell and taste.Pain from a sinus infection is no fun, and the nasal discharge isn’t great either. When you have a sinus infection, you may need to blow your nose often because of a greenish-yellow discharge. This comes from your infected sinuses and drains into your nasal passages. The discharge may also bypass your nose and flow down your throat. You may feel tickle or an itch down the back of your throat. This is called postnasal drip.
Treatment The antibiotics that are effective treatment for sinus infection must be able to kill these bacterial types. Although amoxicillin (Amoxil) is an acceptable first antibiotic for an uncomplicated acute sinus infection, many physicians choose amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) as the first-line drug for treatment of a suspected bacterial sinus infection because it is usually effective against most of the species and strains of bacteria that cause the disease. In the penicillin allergic individual, cefaclor (Ceclor), loracarbef (Lorabid), clarithromycin (Biaxin), azithromycin (Zithromax), sulfamethoxazole (Gantanol), trimethoprim (Bactrim, Septra) ciprofloxin (Cipro), and other antibiotics may be used as first choices. If a patient is not improving after five days of treatment with amoxicillin, the patient may be switched to one of the above drugs or amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin). Generally, an effective antibiotic needs to be continued for a minimum of 10-14 days. However, it is not unusual to need to treat sinus infection for 14-21 days. Some antibiotics are now thought to also reduce