A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning. Polysomnography and actigraphy are tests commonly ordered for some sleep disorders.
Snoring/breathing difficulties while sleeping.Bedtimerefusal.Insomnia.Sleepwalking.Sleep terrors, nightmares or nighttime fears.Unusual sleep behaviors. Excessive daytime sleepiness.Bedwetting.
Treatments for sleep disorders generally can be grouped into four categories: Behavioral and psychotherapeutic treatment, Rehabilitation and management, Medication Other somatic treatment.
A total of 11.1 % of all participants reported problems with sleep onset occurring 3 times or more per week during the previous 4 weeks . Overall 16.5 % of the participants stated they had sleep onset problems once to twice a week, approximately one quarter of the participants experienced sleep onset problems less often than once a week and, finally, 47.1 % had no sleep onset problems. Regarding only potentially clinically relevant sleep onset problems (3 times per week and more), women (13.6 %) were significantly more frequently affected than men (8.6 %). With increasing age, the percentage amongst women over 60 years almost doubled to 18.1 % compared with 18–9 year olds. In contrast, the rate of sleep onset problems amongst men remained virtually constant at less than 10 % across the age groups. Thus, the significant overall sex differences are to be exclusively traced back to the differences in the 60- to 79-year-old age group"