Sleeping sickness, also called "human African trypanosomiasis", is a widespread tropical disease that can be fatal if not treated. It is spread by the bite of an infected tsetse fly (Glossina Genus), a species native to the African continent. Sixty million people who live mainly in rural parts of East, West and Central Africa are at risk of contracting sleeping sickness. Anxiety,Drowsiness during the day Fever Headache Insomnia at nightMood changes Sleepiness (may be uncontrollable)Sweatin Swollen lymph nodes all over the bodySwollen, red, painful nodule at site of fly bite Weakness.
Treatment: Pentamidine injections protect against T. b. gambiense. But not against T. b. rhodesiense . Because this medicine is toxic, using it for prevention is not recommended.Insect control measures can help prevent the spread of sleeping sickness in high-risk areas.
It is estimated that at least 300,000 patients are currently infected with HAT in USA, and that ã60 million persons live in areas where they are considered to be at high risk of infection. Estimated total population for mid 2006, 115, 800,000. Estimated population at risk for sleeping sickness 3,000,000