Tonsils are the two small pads of glandular (lymphatic) tissue located each side of the back of your throat. They are part of your immune system. They make antibodies and white blood cells (lymphocytes) to attack germs inside your mouth. This makes the tonsils part of your first line of defence against bacteria in food or air. The tonsils are relatively small in the first year of a baby’s life and increase in size as a child grows older. They are usually at their largest between the ages of four and seven years. Incidence around the world is comparable to US data (70-90%). The prevalence of many bacteria borne and virus-borne parasitic diseases has been dramatically diminished in many areas where they were once common.
Diagnosis is based on a physical examination of the throat and may include a throat culture. To take a throat culture, your doctor will gently swab the back of your throat and send the sample to a laboratory to identify the cause of your throat infection. A mild case of tonsillitis does not necessarily require treatment, particularly if it is caused by a virus, such as a cold. Treatments for more severe cases of tonsillitis may include: Antibiotics, Tonsillectomy. Tonsillitis in humans can be monitored and controlled to some extent with a rigorous reporting and testing system, an option that requires a good interaction between the public health sector and the corresponding veterinary sector.