|Perinatal depression refers to major and minor episodes during pregnancy (termed antenatal) and/or within the first 12 months after delivery (termed postpartum or postnatal). Perinatal depression is a great public health problem. It affects women in most countries around the globe, but women in developing countries bear the greatest burden. Antenatal depression has low detection rate and many women remain under-diagnosed. Depression during pregnancy has negative impact on course of pregnancy, fetal and neonatal outcome.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.