Atopic dermatitis is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. It's common in children but will occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is long lasting (chronic) and tends to flare periodically and then subside. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. No cure is found for atopic dermatitis. But treatments and self-care measures will relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks. It helps to avoid harsh soaps and other irritants, apply medicated creams or ointments, and moisturize your skin. Atopic dermatitis (eczema) signs and symptoms vary widely from person to person and includes Itching, which may be severe, especially at night, red to brownish-gray patches, especially on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, inside the bend of the elbows and knees, and, in infants, the face and scalp, small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched, thickened, cracked, dry, scaly skin and raw, sensitive, swollen skin from scratching. Atopic dermatitis most often begins before age 5 and may persist into adolescence and adulthood.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014